Aarhus University Seal / Aarhus Universitets segl

Dr. William W. Bennett: A new view of sediment biogeochemistry using gelbased passive sampling techniques

Dr. William W. Bennett, Assistant Professor, Nordcee, Department of Biology, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark - Senior Lecturer, Environmental Futures Research Institute, School of Environment and Science, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia

15.05.2019 | Sissel Rønning

Dato ons 29 maj
Tid 10:00 11:30
Sted Ny Munkegade 116 – Bld. 1540 –116

The sediments of aquatic systems are host to the dynamic interplay between multiple biogeochemical cycles. Understanding these cycles relies on obtaining accurate measurements of porewatersolutes at relevant spatial scales. Conventional methods, which typically rely on coring and porewater extraction by squeezing or centrifugation, do not often fully meet these requirements.

Passive sampling methods such as diffusive gradients in thin films (DGT) and diffusive equilibration in thin films (DET) can provide more accurate measurements of porewatersolutes at high resolution, in one or two dimensions - this approach is effective in dealing with the confounding effects of sediment heterogeneity that often occur in sediments on fine spatial scales. Here I will provide an overview of currently available gel-based passive sampling techniques, and present various examples of the application of these methods to investigating the biogeochemistry of major, minor and trace elements in aquatic sediments.

These examples range from the study of iron and sulfide in marine sediments to the measurement of arsenic and antimony speciation in the freshwater sediments of a contaminated wetland. I will also discuss what the future holds for these gel-based techniques, and how they might be combined with complementary chemical imaging techniques (e.g. planar optodes) to expand our tool-box for investigating sediment biogeochemistry.

Mikrobiologi