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Effects of organic and conventional farming

Effects of organic farming

Organic farming is generally considered to have a positive effect on biodiversity and other agricultural amenities. However, in recent years drastic changes have taken place in organic farming, and organic farmers today include both the traditional holistic ecologist and the ecologist who manages his farm for economic gain. In the same time span, crops and farming methods have also improved, resulting in efficient organic farming methods that often can be compared to conventional farming methods. Consequently, organic farming in Denmark today varies greatly.

In the project ”Refugia”, the impact of organic farming with varying cultivation intensity in the environment was studied in order to highlight to which extent organic farming acts as a refuge for biodiversity. A significant result was the evidence that there are more flowering plants in organic hedgerows than in conventional ones, provided the organic farming is long-term and continuous. Therefore, hedgerows on organic farms may be a better food source for pollinating insects.


Ecomarg (The effect of glyphosate and nitrogen on plant communities and the soil fauna in terrestrial biotopes at field margins) (Miljøstyrelsens program for Bekæmpelsesmiddelforskning), 2011-2014 (projektleder: Christian Damgaard).