The research at Bioscience spans over all biological levels from genes, physiological processes, individuals, populations and species to entire ecosystems. We work with evolutionary processes, which are the foundation of all life and explore the mechanisms, which explain the correlation between living organisms and the environment. The research activities seek the interface between disciplines such as Zoophysiology, Bioinformatics and Geomicrobiology. Research at the Department of Bioscience includes basic research, applied research and strategic research.
Approximately 71 per cent of Earth's surface is covered by water, and water is crucialfor all life on Earth.
But global climate changes put the water resources, water environment and aquatic organisms under increasing pressure. The Department of Bioscience explores organisms, processes, structures and transport routes in all aquatic environments. We are working to understand the biological interactions, and how they are affected by physical, chemical and climatic influences.
Based on solid research efforts, we advise decision makers on necessary initiatives towards sustainable management of our marine environment and freshwater areas. We work in all climate zones - from the Arctic areas to the tropics - and are at the forefront of the global discussion concerning the state and development of the planet.
All organisms, bacteria, plants and animals have a genome. The genome consists of DNA molecules that carry the genetic information. The genome determines how organisms are constructed, how they function, and how they interact with the surrounding environment. The Department of Bioscience explores, among other things, the structure of genetic material, its function and the evolutionary changes that occur from generation to generation as a result of chance or natural selection. The research of the Department has a particular focus on understanding how bacteria, plants and animals adapt to natural and human-induced environmental changes, and the evolutionary interaction between microorganisms, plants and animals.
We often associate microorganisms with disease and misery, but this is only a very small part of the truth about microorganisms. Microorganisms have played a key role in the development of life and are essential for the Earth's ecosystems and the nutrient cycle. Thanks to their phenomenal adaptability they can live in even the most extreme environments such as boiling springs on the bottom of the sea, high-radioactive areas of nuclear power plants as well as several kilometres below the Earth's surface where food is extremely limited. Microorganisms are used in diverse technological applications from wastewater treatment to the production of food and medicines.
The microbiological courses provide insight into the fascinating life of microorganisms and into their fundamental importance in nature, in our everyday life and in our own body.
Zoophysiologists often study the adaptation of selected animals to extreme environments to expose the limits of the body's plasticity and function. Such studies provide important new information about how animals function and evolve in a changing world and often create a new and exciting foundation for medical discoveries in the treatment of a variety of diseases in humans.
Zoophysiology is about how animals function and how they handle changes in the environment around them/in the surrounding environment by regulating their bodily functions. Physiological studies are crucial in order to understand how animals have adapted to their particular environments; why they look and behave the way they do and how they cope with climate change.
Zoophysiologists often study the adaptation of selected animals to extreme environments to expose the limits of the body's plasticity and function. Among other things, we examine how insects handle large seasonal variations in temperature, how turtles can hold their breath for five months, how snakes after having fasted for half a year can eat a meal that is equivalent to half of their body weight, how bears can stand up after being in hibernation for four months and how whales find food 2 kilometres down in a deep dark ocean. Such studies provide important new information about how animals function and evolve in a changing world and often create a new and exciting foundation for medical discoveries in the treatment of a variety of diseases in humans.
The research results are primarily peer-reviewed scientific publications and scientific rapports. Find more details by the headlines below.
You can search for publications in AU’s database via this link.
The research is communicated as popular science. Read more here.